So, how does editing work?

The boxes below provide a general description of the editing process in the correct order. Of course, the writing comes first and for that you may need a writing coach to help develop your concept. These brief descriptions may help you determine what part of the editing process you require for your manuscript.


Developmental editing is a long-term process and it includes:

  • Sharpening content into a focused thesis (eliminating distracting secondary themes)
  • Reorganizing the whole if necessary to ensure continuity, clarity, and a fluid narrative arc
  • Restructuring paragraphs and chapters to improve cadence and enhance the reader experience
  • Adding or deleting headings
  • Identifying areas that need reduction or expansion
  • Generating a comprehensive overview of manuscript areas that need attention
  • Offering guidance in creating the perfect title. [/learn_more]


The line editing I offer includes:

  • General correcting of grammar, spelling, punctuation, and typos
  • Laying out of dialogue, paragraphs, and headings
  • Checking style and clarity for the target audience
  • Checking consistency of language, clarity, and style
  • Tightening the plot
  • Improving characterization, dialogue, and setting
  • Retaining the author’s voice and meaning. [/learn_more]


Copy editing includes:

  • Correcting of typos, spelling, grammar and punctuation
  • Correcting of hyphens, en-dashes, em-dashes and ellipses
  • Offering suggestions to assist better word choice and sentence construction
  • Addressing passive voice, wordiness, and clarity
  • Checking conformity to style guide. [/learn_more]

Beta reading provides

  • Another view from the top down
  • Capture of plot holes
  • Identification of a “saggy middle”
  • Honest feedback on shortcomings. [/learn_more]

As you can see, there is a sequence to the editing process but it can be nonlinear. For example, beta reading can fit anywhere between developmental editing and proofreading. Because each step builds on the previous one, it is, for example, pointless to pay for proofreading before your manuscript has been edited since a line edit may reorganize entire lines and a developmental edit could move entire pages.

You may not need every one of these steps or you may desire other services such as manuscript critique, beta readers, or a plot review.

Let’s talk more about what you need.